Thus, it is possible for a small injustice to lead to great rewards, especially since others are willing to shrug off or forgive occasional transgressions.
Campbell says the relationship between Objectivist epistemology and cognitive science remains unclear because Rand made claims about human cognition and its development which belong to psychology, yet Rand also argued that philosophy is logically prior to psychology and in no way dependent on it.
Peikoff described her view as follows: Berkeley 's Idealismon the other hand, could be called Subjectivism in that it holds that things only exist to the extent that they are perceived. Objectivism regards art as an effective way to communicate a moral or ethical ideal.
Hence they can, quite straightforwardly, be said to have values. By its nature, the overtly irrational cannot rely on the use of persuasion and must ultimately resort to force to prevail.
For example, optical illusions are errors in the conceptual identification of what is seen, not errors in sight itself. Objectivism defines "art" as a "selective re-creation of reality according to an artist's metaphysical value-judgments"—that is, according to what the artist believes to be ultimately true and important about the nature of reality and humanity.
The fountainhead of all progress is the human mind, and the mind does not function well when forced. Even those whose vice consists of imitating others rather than looting them live a precarious existence because they are likely to follow any destroyer who promises to be their savior b: Is a life proper to a rational being a necessary means, and only a necessary means, to literal, long-term survival.
Induction in Physics An item of knowledge cannot be "disqualified" by being arrived at by a specific process in a particular form. Happiness in a Worthwhile Life. She argued that concepts are formed by a process of measurement omission.
If a philosophy conference is getting especially dull and grim you can simply say the name Ayn Rand and you will get at least a few amusing jabs at her. It is a metaphysical and ontological doctrine in that it deals with the existence of things rather than the truth or falsity of things objects in themselves cannot be said to be "true" or "false", although references or statements about objects may be.
It is proof that they are axioms, that they are at the base of knowledge and thus inescapable. The right to life means…the freedom to take all the actions required by the nature of a rational being for the support, the furtherance, the fulfillment and the enjoyment of his own life.
To remain alive, he must think. Rand states that charity is not a major virtue or moral duty b ; likewise, presumably, kindness, generosity, and forgiveness.
She criticizes both conservatives and liberals as these terms are understood in American politics for wanting government to control the realm they regard as important: Peikoff described her view as follows: An "unprocessed" knowledge would be a knowledge acquired without means of cognition.
A Treatise on EconomicsGeorge Reisman attempts to integrate Objectivist methodology and insights with both Classical and Austrian economics. Thinking requires a state of full, focused awareness. The philosopher Robert Nozick argues that Rand's foundational argument in ethics is unsound because it does not explain why someone could not rationally prefer dying and having no values.
Rand also tended—perhaps owing in part to the same two influences—to regard philosophical errors as revelatory of the psychological flaws of their authors. 1 See Ayn Rand, “This is John Galt Speaking,” in Ayn Rand, For the New Intellectual (New York: Signet, ), esp. – 2 See “For the New Intellectual”; Ayn Rand, “This is John Galt Speaking,” in For the New Intellectual ; and Rand, Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology, 2nd ed., edited by Harry Binswanger and Leonard Peikoff (New York: Penguin, ).
WEEK 6 Applying Rand’s Objectivism (graded) Ayn Rand’s Objectivist philosophy has been touted by her detractors as the philosophy of self-interested selfishness. Her four epistemological principles are: 1. Metaphysics: Objective reality of the world and the objects in it.
2. Epistemology: Reason as the one and only key to understanding%(15).
Jun 13, · The so-called philosophy of Ayn Rand, known as Objectivism, has become a rather odious cult in the United States. Europeans find it baffling, while academic philosophers use it Reviews: Feb 02, · Ayn Rand's Objectivism Use this philosophy forum to discuss and debate general philosophy topics that don't fit into one of the other categories.
This forum is NOT for factual, informational or scientific questions about philosophy (e.g. The Ayn Rand lexicon is a very relevant source in this discussion because that site is simply quotations from her.
Jamie seems to think she based her arguments on nothing, I gave a link to her own words on her basis for her philosophy.
Objectivism is the philosophy of rational individualism founded by Ayn Rand (). In novels such as The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, Rand dramatized her ideal man, the producer who lives by his own effort and does not give or receive the undeserved, who honors achievement and rejects envy.A discussion on ayn rands objectivist philosophy